Testing Country Profile in 2015 - Bulgaria


Country population: 7.4 million

National GDP:  55.73 billion US dollars

EU membership: EU Member country



Estimated number of PLHIV: 6000, according to the Ministry of health of Bulgaria

Number of registered PLHIV: 2169

Key populations at risk identified in national prevention programs:

  • Men who have sex with men
  • Intravenous drug users
  • Sex workers
  • Prisoners
  • Youth

Number of patients on ARV: 774.

Number of new infections for the latest annual reported period: 195 new infections in 2014

Percentage of affected populations for the latest annual reported period:

  • MSM sexual exposure 42%
  • People who inject drugs 11.2%

The source for the epidemiological data: Ministry of Health



National policy/strategy or other recommendations from your government on HIV testing: Yes

Number of VCT centers in the country: 35

Availability of anonymous/confidential HIV tests: Yes

Availability of pre- or post- testing counseling: Yes

Testing is free for anyone who wishes to get tested: Yes, but only in certain regions.

Testing can legally be performed by: Medical staff, and non-medical staff with appropriate training in community settings

Testing in non-medical settings: Yes

Community based testing: Yes

Community-based checkpoints in the country: Yes

Mobile testing in the country: Yes

Number of people tested in the last annual period: 332,205 tested in 2014

Regular community testing for other STDs: Yes


Reported by: Kamen Penkov

From organisation: "Dose of love" Association

Brief report regarding new HIV cases in NeLP countries in 2013 - Bulgaria

Total number of registered HIV infections: 1889

Estimation of total number of people living with HIV: no data available

Data for 2013

  • Number of people known to be living with HIV: no data available
  • Number of new HIV infections: 181
    • % Associated with mother to child transmission (MTCT): 0,01%
    • % Associated with heterosexual exposure: 47%
    • % Associated with people who inject drugs (PWID): 16%
    • % Associated with gay men and other MSM: 37%
    • % Other/not known: 12% foreigners
    • % Late presenters: -
  • Gender: Male 150, Female 31
  • HIV positive pregnant women: 3

Additional information:

  • Since 2011 there has been an increase in HIV numbers among MSM group: 37% (67 people) for 2013;
  • 39% of newly registered in 2013 are young people aged 16-29 years;
  • 16% or 29 people, of newly infected are PWID;
  • At the end of 2013, a total number of 829 people living with HIV were registered for follow-up and 596 were receiving ART treatment.
  • Number of people tested in the latest year reported: 228.405

Anything else to add about new diagnoses?; Was there more or less diagnoses than usual?; Any trends? Were there any new locations or clusters?: The level of new HIV cases from the group of IDU has been decreased almost by half in the last year - from 26% in 2012 to 16% in 2013. The new diagnoses are primarily among MSM.

Sources for this information:  Ministry of Health