Testing Country Profile in 2015 - Bosnia and Herzegovina

GENERAL DATA ABOUT THE COUNTRY

Country population: 3.871.643

National GDP: 30,4 billion US dollars total; per capita 7.816 US dollars

EU membership: Not an EU member country

 

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FACTSHEET

Estimated number of PLHIV: Around 1000, Number of registered PLHIV, multiplied by seven (rough estimation)

Number of registered PLHIV: 266, according to data from 2014

Key populations at risk identified in national prevention programs:

  • Men who have sex with men
  • Intravenous drug users
  • Sex workers
  • Migrants
  • Prisoners

Number of patients on ARV: 108 (data from the end of 2014)

Number of new infections for the latest annual reported period: 21 new cases in 2014

Percentage of affected populations for the latest annual reported period:

  • Heterosexual sexual exposure 48,8%
  • MSM sexual exposure 35,5%
  • People who inject drugs 7,8%
  • Mother to child transmission 0
  • Late presenters N/A

The source for the epidemiological data: Institute for public health of Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

TESTING PROFILE

National policy/strategy or other recommendations from your government on HIV testing: Yes

Number of VCT centers in the country: 22

Availability of anonymous/confidential HIV tests: Yes

Availability of pre- or post- testing counseling: Yes

Testing is free for anyone who wishes to get tested: Yes, at the VCT centers.

In all bigger cities VCCT centers are open with the support of Global fund to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria and UNDP

Testing can legally be performed by: Medical staff only

Testing in non-medical settings: Yes

Community based testing: Yes

Community-based checkpoints in the country: No

Mobile testing in the country: Yes

Number of people tested in the last annual period: 12.724 tested in 2014

Number of targeted testing to key populations (if available): N/A

Regular community testing for other STDs: Sometimes - Every two years testing for key population at risk (PWID, SW and MSM) is organized within the Bio-Behavioral studies, so testing is done not only for HIV, but for HCV, HBV, syphilis, herpes simplex virus and other

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Reported by: Belma Lepir-Cviko

From organisation: Association PROI

Brief report regarding new HIV cases in NeLP countries in 2013 - Bosnia and Herzegovina

Total number of registered HIV infections (from the first case registered in 1986): 245

Estimation of total number of people living with HIV: Official number of HIV registered cases multiplied by seven: about 1.500 (unofficial estimation)

Data for 2013

  • Number of people known to be living with HIV: 126
  • Number of new HIV infections: 22
    • % Associated with mother to child transmission (MTCT): 0%
    • % Associated with heterosexual exposure: 51,4%
    • % Associated with people who inject drugs (PWID): 8,9%
    • % Associated with gay men and other MSM: 29,4%
    • % Other/not known: 0%
    • % Late presenters: 27% (6 cases)
    • Gender: Male 16, Female 6
    • Main route of transmission: Sexual transmission (heterosexual)
    • Cases of death in AIDS patients: 4 (3 men, 1 woman)
  • Additional information: 91 persons are receiving ART
  • Number of people tested in the latest year reported: 7.824

Anything else to add about new diagnoses?; Was there more or less diagnoses than usual?; Any trends? Were there any new locations or clusters?: In the last five years, in Bosnia and Herzegovina the average number of new HIV infections is 16. For example in 2011 we had 10 new cases, in 2012 39, in 2013 22. In 2013 a larger number of new infections is evident, but comparing it with 2012 where we had 39 new cases is smaller. We can say trend is growing; number of new HIV cases is in growth, especially among MSM population.

Sources for this information: Official web of Public Institute for Health and organization Partnerships in Health from Sarajevo working in the field of HIV testing.