Testing Country Profile in 2015 - Austria

GENERAL DATA ABOUT THE COUNTRY

Country population: 8,474 Millions

National GDP: 436.34 billion US dollars

EU membership: EU Member country

 

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FACTSHEET

Estimated number of PLHIV: 9.000, according to AHIV-COS and statistics from the Ministry of Health

Number of registered PLHIV: 6.2014: since January 1st 2014 4.147, According to the Cohort Study

Key populations at risk identified in national prevention programs:

  • Men who have sex with men
  • Intravenous drug users
  • Sex workers
  • Migrants
  • Prisoners
  • Youth

Number of patients on ARV: According to the HIV-Austrian COHORT report on July 1, 2014, 3959 patients (95.5%) of the 4147 COHORT Participants were on antiretroviral therapy. Of the 188 patients not on treatment on July 1, 2014, 39 had received antiretroviral treatment at an earlier point in time.

Number of new infections for the latest annual reported period: 403 new infections in 2014

Percentage of affected populations for the latest annual reported period:

  • Heterosexual sexual exposure 32.3%
  • MSM sexual exposure 50.8%
  • People who inject drugs 8.1%
  • Mother to child transmission 0
  • Other (not known) 8,8%
  • Late presenters 49.2%

The source for the epidemiological data: AHIV-COS

Additional comments about the epidemiological data: The source of data is AHIV COS where 260 new infections were reported compared to 481 new infections reported to the ministry of health.

 

TESTING PROFILE

National policy/strategy or other recommendations from your government on HIV testing: Yes

Number of VCT centers in the country: 7

Availability of anonymous/confidential HIV tests: Yes

Availability of pre- or post- testing counseling: Yes

Testing is free for anyone who wishes to get tested: Yes, free testing is available in the entire country at the VCT centers.

Testing can legally be performed by: Medical staff only

Testing in non-medical settings: Yes

Community based testing: Yes

Community-based checkpoints in the country: Yes

Mobile testing in the country: Yes

Number of people tested in the last annual period: 1,154,733 tested in 2014

Number of targeted testing to key populations (if available): approximately 11,000 at VCT

Regular community testing for other STDs: Yes, HCV for IVDU, Hepatitis tests and some STD available at VCT

 

Reported by: Isabell Eibl

From organisation: Aids Hilfe Wien

Brief report regarding new HIV cases in NeLP countries in 2014 - Austria

Number of people known to be living with HIV: Every year there are about 500 new diagnoses in Austria. In 2013 the confirmatory laboratories reported 481 new infections to the ministry. Since 2001 there is also the Austrian Cohort study that provides very valuable epidemiological data. In 2013 there were 4.070 patients currently in the cohort from which 236 patients newly enrolled

Estimation of total number of people living with HIV: 8.000-15.000

Data for 2013 from the ministry

  • Number of new HIV infections: 481
  • Additional information:
    • Vienna    263
    • Lower Austria    27
    • Upper Austria    36
    • Salzburg    31
    • Tirol    32
    • Karithia    19
    • Steria    53
    • Vorarlberg    16
    • Burgenland    4
  • Data 2013 from the Austrian Cohort
    • % Associated with mother to child transmission (MTCT): 0%
    • % Associated with heterosexual exposure: 32,2%
    • % Associated with people who inject drugs (PWID): 6,4%
    • % Associated with gay men and other MSM: 51,3%
    • % Other/not known: 10,2%
    • % Late presenters: 49,2%
  • Number of people tested in the latest year reported:  about 1,2 Million

Austria has one of the highest rates of HIV tests per capita in Europe. Nevertheless, a substantial number of patients (22.2%) is already immune deficient (CD4 cell count <200/μl) at the time of the first contact with an HIV centre.

An “early“ diagnosis is defined by: a seroconversion illness (westernblot pattern orantigen/HIV RNA with corresponding clinical symptoms) or documented seroconversion with negative test not more than 3 years before the first positive HIV test.

A “late“ diagnosis is defined by: CD4<350 at time of HIV diagnosis and/or AIDS within 3 months of HIV diagnosis.

16.1% of the examined patients had an “early“ diagnosis and 49.2% a “late“ diagnosis.

A higher risk to be diagnosed “late” was found in older patients, in those who have been infected heterosexually, in persons residing in places with less than 100 000 inhabitants, and in persons originating from high prevalence countries.

Brief report regarding new HIV cases in NeLP countries in 2013 - Austria

Number of people known to be living with HIV: Every year there are about 500 new diagnoses.  In Austria Cohort there are approximately 1.000 participants
Estimation of total number of people living with HIV: 8.000-15.000

Data for 2013

  • Number of new HIV infections: 481
  • Additional information:
    • Vienna    263
    • Lower Austria    27
    • Upper Austria    36
    • Salzburg    31
    • Tirol    32
    • Karithia    19
    • Steria    53
    • Vorarlberg    16
    • Burgenland    4
  • % Associated with mother to child transmission (MTCT): 0%
  • % Associated with heterosexual exposure: no data available
  • % Associated with people who inject drugs (PWID): no data available
  • % Associated with gay men and other MSM: no data available
  • % Other/not known: no data available
  • % Late presenters: no data available
  • Number of people tested in the latest year reported: about 500
  • Anything else to add about new diagnoses?; Was there more or less diagnoses than usual?; Any trends? Were there any new locations or clusters?: Many late presenters. As the HIV infections don´t have to be reported (only AIDS cases) there is no statistical data on new diagnoses. All available statistical data are patients data in the Austrian cohort

Sources for this information: Ministry of Health